Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana


1. Objectives

The objective of this Scheme is to encourage skill development for youth by providing monetary

rewards for successful completion of approved training programs. Specifically, the Scheme aims


· Encourage standardization in the certification process and initiate a process of creating a

registry of skills

· Enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up skill training and become

employable and earn their livelihood. Increase productivity of the existing workforce and

align the training and certification to the needs of the country.

· Provide Monetary Awards for Skill Certification to boost employability and productivity

of youth by incentivizing them for skill trainings

· Reward candidates undergoing skill training by authorized institutions at an average

monetary reward of Rs. 8,000 (Rupees EightThousand) per candidate.

· Benefit 24 lakh youth at an approximate total cost of Rs. 1,500 Crores.

2. Background

Currently, only a very small proportion of India’s workforce has any formal skill training. Not

surprisingly therefore several sectors of the country’s economy face shortage of skilled people

and are mired with low productivity levels due to poor quality of workforce. At the same time,

large sections of the country’s youth are looking for economic and livelihood opportunities. In

this context, skill development has become a key priority area for the country. This is not only

essential for economic development, but would help to fulfil youth aspirations for good quality,

better paid jobs and self-employment opportunities. This would also enable the country to take

advantage of its favourable demographic profile. With a large pool of skilled people, India has

an opportunity to become a skill provider for the world, particularly the ageing developed


Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship outcome-based skill training

scheme of the new Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This skill

certification and reward scheme aims to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to

take up skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. Under the scheme,

monetary reward would be provided to trainees who are successfully trained, assessed and

certified in skill courses run by affiliated training providers. This will boost the productivity of

the country’s workforce by enabling them to acquire high quality skill training across a range of

sectors. It will also bring about a paradigm shift from input-based to outcome-based skill

training in the country. It also seeks to significantly scale up skill training activities in the

country and enable skill training to happen at a fast pace without compromising quality.

Institutional arrangements comprising of the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC),

Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), Assessing agencies and Training Partners are already in place for

implementation of the scheme.

3. Strategy and Approach

i. The Scheme will provide monetary incentives for successful completion of marketdriven

skill training and certification to approximately twenty four lakh youth in in a

span of one year from the date of implementation of the scheme.

ii. This Scheme shall be implemented through Public-Private and Public-Public


iii. NSDC will be the implementing agency for this Scheme.

iv. All trainings and certification under Recognition of Prior Learning will be specifically

oriented for developing skills in specific growth sectors.

v. Assessment and training bodies for all purposes of the Scheme will be separate and

no overlap of roles will be allowed to maintain transparency and objectivity.

vi. The monetary reward will be wholly funded by the Ministry of Skill Development

and Entrepreneurship, Government of India and will be affected through bank

transfer to the beneficiaries’ accounts. For facilitating the smooth disbursement as

prescribed under the scheme, the entire money along with the additional

implementation fund will be transferred to National Skill Development Fund for

further utilization by NSDC.

vii. Definitions of terms and expansions of acronyms used in this document are listed in

Annexure 1.

4. Key features

4.1 Eligible Sectors, Job Roles and target allocation

4.1.1. Standards

Training will be done against standards (National Occupational Standards - NOS and

Qualification Packs - QPs for specific job roles) formulated by industry-driven bodies,

namely the Sector Skills Councils (SSCs).

4.1.2. Demand-driven targets:

Based on assessment of skill demand and the ‘Skill Gap Studies’, target for skill training

would be allocated to sector skill councils by NSDC in consultation with the SSCs,

States/UTs and the Central Ministries/Departments under the oversight of the Steering

Committee of PMKVY.

4.1.3. Target aligned to national flagship programmes and regions:

Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Government’s

flagship programmes, such as - ‘Swachh Bharat’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’, ‘National

Solar Mission’ and so on.

4.2 Eligible Providers

NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC.

Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by

the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC. Under PMKVY, even the government

affiliated training providers will undergo due diligence as per the process manual. Each

training partner would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the

infrastructure of training centers. The same will be part of the monitoring process. Only

first level of franchising would be allowed but the same should be declared in advance.

4.3 Training Content (Improved curricula, better pedagogy and trained instructors)

While, the thrust would be on outcomes in terms of third party assessment/certification,

training providers to focus on improved curricula, better technology enabled pedagogy

and upgrading the capacity of instructors to enable the overall ecosystem for high

quality skill training in the country. All skill training would include soft skill training,

personal grooming, behavioural change for cleanliness, and good work ethics as a part of

the training curricula.

4.4 Assessment and Certification

Third party assessments for skill training will be done based on national (and often)

global standards.Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and

competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for

undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognising the skills

possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion. This will also

facilitate the process of skill upgradation and re-skilling of the existing workforce. The

focus of RPL would be on those job-roles/sectors in which it is most desired.

4.5 Eligible Beneficiaries

In line with the objectives stated above, this Scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian

nationality who:

a) undergoes a skill development training in an eligible sector by an eligible training

provider as defined above;

b) is certified during the span of one year from the date of launch of the scheme by

approved assessment agencies as defined above;

c) is availing of this monetary award for the first and only time during the operation of

this Scheme.

d) Any other criteria as defined by the Sector Skill Councils for respective job roles

4.6 Monetary Awards

4.5.1. Reward amount

Monetary reward for various job roles within a sector varies for different as per job role

levels. This amount would be arrived at after taking various factors like cost of training,

willingness of trainees for pay and other relevant factors into consideration. Higher

incentives will be given to training in manufacturing, construction and plumbing sectors.

4.5.2. Direct Fund Transfer

PMKVY will follow complete transparent funding of skill training without any

intermediaries with monetary rewards directly transferred to the trainee’s bank

account. Aadhaar number will be used for unique identification of each candidate.

4.7 Mobilisation of candidates

Awareness building & mobilization activities would be carried out with the involvement

of local State and district governments as well as involve Members of Parliament in the

activities to ensure greater outreach and ownership. A ‘camp-based’ approach by

organizing ‘Kaushal Melas’ to disseminate information about various skill training

options, outline possible career paths and income generation potential once the training

is imparted would be held in every district. Efforts will be made to ensure that the

coverage of the scheme is across all the 543 constituencies in India. Skill Yatras will be

explored to take awareness to the hinterlands and include live demonstration of skills.

Non-governmental and community-based organizations would be involved in this

activity to ensure widest possible reach and create an environment for skilling in the

country. This would be supplemented with specialised and standardized branding and

communication packages through mass media and social media. Periodic surprise checks

and audits of the mobilisation phase would be conducted to ensure its continued


4.8 Mentoring support

A mentorship programme will be created in order to support trainees who have

successfully completed the training programme and are in the process of looking for

employment opportunities. Training providers will be responsible for identifying

mentors who will support and guide trainees in the post-training phase. These mentors

will provide career guidance and counselling for trainees once they have completed

training and will also help connect them to employment opportunities. This mentorship

programme will also facilitate the tracking of trainees in the post training phase.

4.9 Evaluation and Monitoring

4.9.1.Enhanced monitoring:

To monitor the training process, SSCs will be tasked with verifying and recording details

of all training centres on the Skill Development Management System (SDMS), and

ascertain quality of training locations and courses through certified assessors during the

time of assessments. SSCs will also be responsible for certifying the training curriculum

and for ensuring that it is aligned to QPs of job roles. In addition, SSCs will be tasked with

certifying all trainers for the Scheme. Audit checks and surprise visits to training centres

will also be conducted to ensure enhanced monitoring. Assessing process could be more

technology driven and could also be carried out in CCTV environment.

4.9.2. Evaluation:

Trainee feedback based on validated standard format verified at the time of assessment

will become the key element of the evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness

and scale up of PMKVY in future.

4.9.3. Grievance redressal:

A proper grievance redressal mechanism would be put in place. Online Citizen’s Portal

would be set up to disseminate information about PMKVY. This would also serve as a

platform for redressal of grievances. The portal would also include a complete database

of all available courses and training centres under PMKVY.

5. Implementing agency

The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

6. Steering Committee

Steering Committee for PMKVY would be responsible for providing direction for

implementation of the scheme. The Steering Committee will be empowered to review the

framework and make suitable modification as and when required in the scheme. The

Committee will oversee dynamic fixation of targets for skilling, amount of monetary reward by

job roles, activities related to awareness building and trainee mobilization, mentorship support.

The Steering Committee may appoint sub-committees at national or state level (s) to assist in

exercise of its functions. It is recommended that sub-committees at the district level are also

formed especially to focus on awareness and mobilization activities, as well as for monitoring of

the scheme.

Annexure 1


a) NSDC – The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has been instituted to

foster private sector initiatives in skill development. It is a Private Public

Partnership (PPP) organization with representatives of Government and Industry

Associations on its Board.

b) SSCs – Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) are industry-led bodies, who would be

responsible for the defining the skilling needs, concept, processes, certification,

accreditation of their respective industry sectors. The SSCs shall prescribe the

NOSs and QPs for the job roles relevant to their industry, and shall work with the

NSDA to ensure that these are in accordance with the NSQF.

c) NSQF – The National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF), would be a descriptive

framework that organizes qualifications according to a series of levels of

knowledge, skills and aptitude. These levels are defined in terms of learning

outcomes i.e., the competencies which the learners must possess regardless of

whether they were acquired through formal, non-formal or informal education

and training. It is, therefore, a nationally integrated education and competency

based skill framework that will provide for multiple pathways both within

vocational education and vocational training and among vocational education,

vocational training, general education and technical education, thus linking one

level of learning to another higher level to enable a person to acquire desired skill

levels, transit to the job market and return to skill development to further upgrade

their skill sets.

d) NOSs – National Occupational Standards (NOSs) specify the standard of

performance an individual must achieve when carrying out a particular activity in

the workplace, together with the knowledge and understanding they need to meet

that standard consistently. Each NOS defines one key function in a job role. In their

essential form, NOSs describe functions, standards of performance and


e) QPs – A set of NOSs, aligned to a job role, called Qualification Packs (QPs), would

be available for every job role in each industry sector. These drive both the

creation of curriculum, and assessments. These job roles would be at various

proficiency levels, and aligned to the NSQF.NOSs and QPs for job roles in various

industry sectors, created by SSCs and subsequently ratified by appropriate

authority, would be available online and updated from time to time.

f) SDMS – The Skill Development Management System (SDMS) has been developed

and maintained by the NSDC.


Note: This is the information which we know but this is not an official document. Please refer to PMKVY’s official website at