Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
The objective of this Scheme is to encourage skill development for youth by providing monetary
rewards for successful completion of approved training programs. Specifically, the Scheme aims
· Encourage standardization in the certification process and initiate a process of creating a
registry of skills
· Enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up skill training and become
employable and earn their livelihood. Increase productivity of the existing workforce and
align the training and certification to the needs of the country.
· Provide Monetary Awards for Skill Certification to boost employability and productivity
of youth by incentivizing them for skill trainings
· Reward candidates undergoing skill training by authorized institutions at an average
monetary reward of Rs. 8,000 (Rupees EightThousand) per candidate.
· Benefit 24 lakh youth at an approximate total cost of Rs. 1,500 Crores.
Currently, only a very small proportion of India’s workforce has any formal skill training. Not
surprisingly therefore several sectors of the country’s economy face shortage of skilled people
and are mired with low productivity levels due to poor quality of workforce. At the same time,
large sections of the country’s youth are looking for economic and livelihood opportunities. In
this context, skill development has become a key priority area for the country. This is not only
essential for economic development, but would help to fulfil youth aspirations for good quality,
better paid jobs and self-employment opportunities. This would also enable the country to take
advantage of its favourable demographic profile. With a large pool of skilled people, India has
an opportunity to become a skill provider for the world, particularly the ageing developed
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship outcome-based skill training
scheme of the new Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This skill
certification and reward scheme aims to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to
take up skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. Under the scheme,
monetary reward would be provided to trainees who are successfully trained, assessed and
certified in skill courses run by affiliated training providers. This will boost the productivity of
the country’s workforce by enabling them to acquire high quality skill training across a range of
sectors. It will also bring about a paradigm shift from input-based to outcome-based skill
training in the country. It also seeks to significantly scale up skill training activities in the
country and enable skill training to happen at a fast pace without compromising quality.
Institutional arrangements comprising of the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC),
Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), Assessing agencies and Training Partners are already in place for
implementation of the scheme.
3. Strategy and Approach
i. The Scheme will provide monetary incentives for successful completion of marketdriven
skill training and certification to approximately twenty four lakh youth in in a
span of one year from the date of implementation of the scheme.
ii. This Scheme shall be implemented through Public-Private and Public-Public
iii. NSDC will be the implementing agency for this Scheme.
iv. All trainings and certification under Recognition of Prior Learning will be specifically
oriented for developing skills in specific growth sectors.
v. Assessment and training bodies for all purposes of the Scheme will be separate and
no overlap of roles will be allowed to maintain transparency and objectivity.
vi. The monetary reward will be wholly funded by the Ministry of Skill Development
and Entrepreneurship, Government of India and will be affected through bank
transfer to the beneficiaries’ accounts. For facilitating the smooth disbursement as
prescribed under the scheme, the entire money along with the additional
implementation fund will be transferred to National Skill Development Fund for
further utilization by NSDC.
vii. Definitions of terms and expansions of acronyms used in this document are listed in
4. Key features
4.1 Eligible Sectors, Job Roles and target allocation
Training will be done against standards (National Occupational Standards - NOS and
Qualification Packs - QPs for specific job roles) formulated by industry-driven bodies,
namely the Sector Skills Councils (SSCs).
4.1.2. Demand-driven targets:
Based on assessment of skill demand and the ‘Skill Gap Studies’, target for skill training
would be allocated to sector skill councils by NSDC in consultation with the SSCs,
States/UTs and the Central Ministries/Departments under the oversight of the Steering
Committee of PMKVY.
4.1.3. Target aligned to national flagship programmes and regions:
Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Government’s
flagship programmes, such as - ‘Swachh Bharat’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’, ‘National
Solar Mission’ and so on.
4.2 Eligible Providers
NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC.
Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by
the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC. Under PMKVY, even the government
affiliated training providers will undergo due diligence as per the process manual. Each
training partner would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the
infrastructure of training centers. The same will be part of the monitoring process. Only
first level of franchising would be allowed but the same should be declared in advance.
4.3 Training Content (Improved curricula, better pedagogy and trained instructors)
While, the thrust would be on outcomes in terms of third party assessment/certification,
training providers to focus on improved curricula, better technology enabled pedagogy
and upgrading the capacity of instructors to enable the overall ecosystem for high
quality skill training in the country. All skill training would include soft skill training,
personal grooming, behavioural change for cleanliness, and good work ethics as a part of
the training curricula.
4.4 Assessment and Certification
Third party assessments for skill training will be done based on national (and often)
global standards.Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and
competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for
undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognising the skills
possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion. This will also
facilitate the process of skill upgradation and re-skilling of the existing workforce. The
focus of RPL would be on those job-roles/sectors in which it is most desired.
4.5 Eligible Beneficiaries
In line with the objectives stated above, this Scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian
a) undergoes a skill development training in an eligible sector by an eligible training
provider as defined above;
b) is certified during the span of one year from the date of launch of the scheme by
approved assessment agencies as defined above;
c) is availing of this monetary award for the first and only time during the operation of
d) Any other criteria as defined by the Sector Skill Councils for respective job roles
4.6 Monetary Awards
4.5.1. Reward amount
Monetary reward for various job roles within a sector varies for different as per job role
levels. This amount would be arrived at after taking various factors like cost of training,
willingness of trainees for pay and other relevant factors into consideration. Higher
incentives will be given to training in manufacturing, construction and plumbing sectors.
4.5.2. Direct Fund Transfer
PMKVY will follow complete transparent funding of skill training without any
intermediaries with monetary rewards directly transferred to the trainee’s bank
account. Aadhaar number will be used for unique identification of each candidate.
4.7 Mobilisation of candidates
Awareness building & mobilization activities would be carried out with the involvement
of local State and district governments as well as involve Members of Parliament in the
activities to ensure greater outreach and ownership. A ‘camp-based’ approach by
organizing ‘Kaushal Melas’ to disseminate information about various skill training
options, outline possible career paths and income generation potential once the training
is imparted would be held in every district. Efforts will be made to ensure that the
coverage of the scheme is across all the 543 constituencies in India. Skill Yatras will be
explored to take awareness to the hinterlands and include live demonstration of skills.
Non-governmental and community-based organizations would be involved in this
activity to ensure widest possible reach and create an environment for skilling in the
country. This would be supplemented with specialised and standardized branding and
communication packages through mass media and social media. Periodic surprise checks
and audits of the mobilisation phase would be conducted to ensure its continued
4.8 Mentoring support
A mentorship programme will be created in order to support trainees who have
successfully completed the training programme and are in the process of looking for
employment opportunities. Training providers will be responsible for identifying
mentors who will support and guide trainees in the post-training phase. These mentors
will provide career guidance and counselling for trainees once they have completed
training and will also help connect them to employment opportunities. This mentorship
programme will also facilitate the tracking of trainees in the post training phase.
4.9 Evaluation and Monitoring
To monitor the training process, SSCs will be tasked with verifying and recording details
of all training centres on the Skill Development Management System (SDMS), and
ascertain quality of training locations and courses through certified assessors during the
time of assessments. SSCs will also be responsible for certifying the training curriculum
and for ensuring that it is aligned to QPs of job roles. In addition, SSCs will be tasked with
certifying all trainers for the Scheme. Audit checks and surprise visits to training centres
will also be conducted to ensure enhanced monitoring. Assessing process could be more
technology driven and could also be carried out in CCTV environment.
Trainee feedback based on validated standard format verified at the time of assessment
will become the key element of the evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness
and scale up of PMKVY in future.
4.9.3. Grievance redressal:
A proper grievance redressal mechanism would be put in place. Online Citizen’s Portal
would be set up to disseminate information about PMKVY. This would also serve as a
platform for redressal of grievances. The portal would also include a complete database
of all available courses and training centres under PMKVY.
5. Implementing agency
The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
6. Steering Committee
Steering Committee for PMKVY would be responsible for providing direction for
implementation of the scheme. The Steering Committee will be empowered to review the
framework and make suitable modification as and when required in the scheme. The
Committee will oversee dynamic fixation of targets for skilling, amount of monetary reward by
job roles, activities related to awareness building and trainee mobilization, mentorship support.
The Steering Committee may appoint sub-committees at national or state level (s) to assist in
exercise of its functions. It is recommended that sub-committees at the district level are also
formed especially to focus on awareness and mobilization activities, as well as for monitoring of
a) NSDC – The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has been instituted to
foster private sector initiatives in skill development. It is a Private Public
Partnership (PPP) organization with representatives of Government and Industry
Associations on its Board.
b) SSCs – Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) are industry-led bodies, who would be
responsible for the defining the skilling needs, concept, processes, certification,
accreditation of their respective industry sectors. The SSCs shall prescribe the
NOSs and QPs for the job roles relevant to their industry, and shall work with the
NSDA to ensure that these are in accordance with the NSQF.
c) NSQF – The National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF), would be a descriptive
framework that organizes qualifications according to a series of levels of
knowledge, skills and aptitude. These levels are defined in terms of learning
outcomes i.e., the competencies which the learners must possess regardless of
whether they were acquired through formal, non-formal or informal education
and training. It is, therefore, a nationally integrated education and competency
based skill framework that will provide for multiple pathways both within
vocational education and vocational training and among vocational education,
vocational training, general education and technical education, thus linking one
level of learning to another higher level to enable a person to acquire desired skill
levels, transit to the job market and return to skill development to further upgrade
their skill sets.
d) NOSs – National Occupational Standards (NOSs) specify the standard of
performance an individual must achieve when carrying out a particular activity in
the workplace, together with the knowledge and understanding they need to meet
that standard consistently. Each NOS defines one key function in a job role. In their
essential form, NOSs describe functions, standards of performance and
e) QPs – A set of NOSs, aligned to a job role, called Qualification Packs (QPs), would
be available for every job role in each industry sector. These drive both the
creation of curriculum, and assessments. These job roles would be at various
proficiency levels, and aligned to the NSQF.NOSs and QPs for job roles in various
industry sectors, created by SSCs and subsequently ratified by appropriate
authority, would be available online and updated from time to time.
f) SDMS – The Skill Development Management System (SDMS) has been developed
and maintained by the NSDC.
Note: This is the information which we know but this is not an official document. Please refer to PMKVY’s official website at http://www.pmkvyofficial.org/